Public Reporting of Surgical Site Infection (SSI) Prevention Percentages
All Ontario hospitals that perform hip and knee joint replacements, including total, partial, or hemi procedures are required by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) to publicly report their surgical site infection prevention (SSI-Prevention) percentages.
Public reporting of surgical site infection (SSI) prevention for hip and knee joint replacement surgeries in Ontario hospitals will begin on April 30, 2009. Hospitals will post the percentage of hip/knee joint replacement surgical patients who receive antibiotics within the appropriate time period before the surgery on their website every three months (quarterly), and will also report their data to the MOHLTC. The Ministry will post this information on its public website. Mackenzie Health will be posting the same information on our website.
What is a surgical site infection?
A surgical site infection (SSI) occurs at the site of a surgical incision. Germs can get into the incision area, and cause an infection. It can develop within 30 days of an operation, or sometimes even up to one year if an implant (such as a knee or hip joint implant) is used.
Infections can be minor, or occasionally they can increase complications that result in a longer length of stay in the hospital, or an increased re-admission rate for patients. SSIs are the most common healthcare-associated infections in patients after surgery.
What are the symptoms of SSIs?
Symptoms can appear at any time from hours to weeks after surgery. Implants such as an artificial knee or hip can become infected a year or more after the operation.
What are the risk factors for SSIs?
The risk of acquiring a surgical site infection is higher if you:
How are SSIs treated?
Most infections are treated with antibiotics - the type of medication will depend on the germ causing the infection. An infected skin wound may be reopened and cleaned. If an infection occurs where an implant is placed, the implant may be removed. If the infection is deep within the body, another operation may be needed to treat it.
Information for Patients and Visitors
Patient safety remains the most important priority for Mackenzie Health and this involves ensuring that patients are not at risk for contracting healthcare-associated infections. We have a number of practices in place to help prevent surgical site infections, including administering antibiotics to patients at a certain time before their surgery.
What are healthcare-associated infections?
Sometimes when patients are admitted to the hospital, they can get infections. These are called healthcare-associated infections.
What can patients do to help reduce their chances of infection?
If you have any questions about our hospital’s infection prevention and control program, please contact Mackenzie Health Infection Prevention and Control Department at firstname.lastname@example.org.